Hemp, also known as Cannabis or marijuana, contains numerous compounds including a group called cannabinoids that possess numerous therapeutic benefits. Most people confuse Cannabis and Hemp. Cannabis is a category for the many species of Cannabis which include Hemp and Cannabis. The analogy is rather like lemon and orange plants – they are both related, they belong to the citrus family, and yet are completely different plants.
The characteristic difference between Hemp and Cannabis is the content of THC, tetrahydrocannabinol, which has mind-altering properties. Hemp contains almost negligible amounts of THC with much higher amounts of cannabinoids whereas Cannabis plants contains higher amounts of THC and lower levels of cannabinoids.
The benefits of Cannabinoids
Cannabis contains over 85 cannabinoids of which the most studied and therapeutic ones are Cannabidiol (CBD) and THC. There are other cannabinoids which also have positive benefits including cannabigerol (CBG) and cannabinol (CBN).
All mammals including humans have a signalling network called the endocannabinoid system. This system has two sets of receptors, CB1 and CB2 receptors. The cannabinoids like THC and CBD lock onto these receptors to provide their therapeutic benefits. Although THC and CBD act on different pathways, there is an overlap of benefits offered by both these cannabinoids.
THC, the mind-altering cannabinoid, displays therapeutic benefits which include reducing muscle control problems; increasing appetite and helping to control nausea and inflammation. THC however is not without side effects and is a controlled substance and therefore illegal to use. Cannabidiol, CBD, on the other hand is beneficial for helping to reduce inflammation, helping to treat pain; it may also be beneficial for certain types of mental illness and is thought to be effective in the control of seizures. CBD is not a controlled substance and is therefore 100% legal.
Cannabis, in particular CBD, is changing the way we view this herb. Selective breeding techniques have resulted in plants that have high levels of CBD and almost zero levels of THC. In the patent titled “Cannabinoids as antioxidants and neuro-protectants”, the US federal government makes impressive claims about CBD stating:
“Cannabinoids are potent antioxidants… they easily penetrate tissues giving them the ability to enter the central nervous system and brain.”
“Non-psychoactive cannabinoids such as CBD are particularly advantageous as they are non-toxic… and exhibit unique antioxidant properties without the undesirable effects of THC.”
“The antioxidant strength of CBD is significantly greater than that of either Vitamin C or Vitamin E”.
According to the 2103 review published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, CBD possesses the following properties:
- antiemetic – reduces nausea and vomiting
- anticonvulsant – suppresses seizure activity
- antipsychotic – combats psychosis disorders
- anti-inflammatory – combats many inflammatory disorders
- antioxidant – may be of value in neurodegenerative diseases
- anxiolytic – combats anxiety and depression.
There are many other claims being made for the use of CBD Hemp Oil. What remains important is that CBD Hemp Oil is not psychoactive. On the contrary, CBD is actually anti-psychotic.
Herts Hemp CBD Hemp Oil products are derived from 100% organic, non-GMO CBD rich plants grown without the use of pesticides. The CBD and other compounds found in hemp are extracted using a Super Critical CO2 extraction process without the use of heat or solvents resulting in a product which provides CBD in its purest form and free from chlorophyll.
It is important also that CBD Hemp Oil is not the same as hemp seed oil. CBD Hemp Oil is derived from the hemp plant whereas hemp seed oil is derived solely from the seeds which are rich in essential fatty acids and do not have Cannabidiol (CBD).
Dosage of CBD Hemp Oil
As CBD is not a vitamin or mineral, the exact dosage has not been determined. The recommendation is to start with between 3mg and 5mg taken daily for one week. If benefits are not experienced, you can double the dose and repeat for another week until you find your required dose. It is impossible to overdose on CBD.
Like taking a multivitamin, CBD’s should be used on a daily basis to reap the benefits because it takes some time for your body to adjust to the chemical compounds found in CBD Hemp Oil. Herts Hemp CBD products are tested for purity by a third party to ensure the end product is free from pesticides, heavy metals, fungi and other impurities.